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17Calculus - Laplace Transform First Shifting Theorem

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On this page, we discuss the first of two important theorems related to Laplace Transforms. They are rather cleverly named the First Shifting Theorem and the Second Shifting Theorem.

First Shifting Theorem

\(\displaystyle{ \mathcal{L}\{ e^{-at} f(t) \} = F(s+a) }\)

Second Shifting Theorem

\(\displaystyle{ \mathcal{L}\{ u(t-c)g(t-c) \} = e^{-cs}G(s) }\)

Resources

Topics You Need To Understand For This Page

laplace transforms

Related Topics and Links

First Shifting Theorem

The first shifting theorem says that in the \(t\)-domain, if we multiply a function by \(e^{-at}\), this results in a shift in the \(s\)-domain of \(a\) units.   In your Laplace Transforms table you probably see the line that looks like \[\displaystyle{ \mathcal{L}\{ e^{-at} f(t) \} = F(s+a) }\] This idea looks easy and watching other people using it may look easy but when you have to do it, it is not so easy.   So it is important to get your hands dirty by working some problems on your own.   After you watch this first video, you can work some practice problems to help you understand this better.

Let's watch a video that explains how this works.   This video contains a very good explanation, a couple of examples and the proof of this theorem.

Dr Chris Tisdell - First shifting theorem of Laplace transforms: a how to [12min-6secs]

video by Dr Chris Tisdell

Math Word Problems Demystified

Practice

Unless otherwise instructed,
- if \(f(t)\) is given, find the Laplace transform \( F(s) = \mathcal{L}\{ f(t) \} \) using the first shifting theorem
- if \(F(s)\) is given, find the inverse Laplace transform \( f(t) = \mathcal{L}^{-1} \{ F(s) \} \)
Give your answers in exact, completely factored form.

\( f(t) = u(t-4)[t-4] \)

Problem Statement

For \( f(t) = u(t-4)[t-4] \), find the Laplace transform \( F(s) = \mathcal{L}\{ f(t) \} \) using a shifting theorem.

Solution

Dr Chris Tisdell - 665 video solution

video by Dr Chris Tisdell

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\( f(t) = u(t-4)[t-4]^2 \)

Problem Statement

For \( f(t) = u(t-4)[t-4]^2 \), find the Laplace transform \( F(s) = \mathcal{L}\{ f(t) \} \) using a shifting theorem.

Solution

Dr Chris Tisdell - 667 video solution

video by Dr Chris Tisdell

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\( f(t) = u(t-2\pi) \sin(t-2\pi) \)

Problem Statement

For \( f(t) = u(t-2\pi) \sin(t-2\pi) \), find the Laplace transform \( F(s) = \mathcal{L}\{ f(t) \} \) using a shifting theorem.

Solution

Dr Chris Tisdell - 668 video solution

video by Dr Chris Tisdell

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\(\displaystyle{ F(s) = \frac{1-e^{-2s}}{s^2} }\)

Problem Statement

For \(\displaystyle{ F(s) = \frac{1-e^{-2s}}{s^2} }\), find the inverse Laplace transform \( f(t) = \mathcal{L}^{-1} \{ F(s) \} \) using a shifting theorem.

Solution

Dr Chris Tisdell - 666 video solution

video by Dr Chris Tisdell

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\( f(t) = \cos[3(t-1)] u(t-1) \)

Problem Statement

For \( f(t) = \cos[3(t-1)] u(t-1) \) find the Laplace transform \( F(s) = \mathcal{L}\{ f(t) \} \) using a shifting theorem.

Solution

Dr Chris Tisdell - 670 video solution

video by Dr Chris Tisdell

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\( f(t) = \left\{\begin{array}{lr} t & 0 \leq 4 \\ 2 & t = 4 \\ 0 & t > 4 \end{array} \right. \)

Problem Statement

For \( f(t) = \left\{\begin{array}{lr} t & 0 \leq 4 \\ 2 & t = 4 \\ 0 & t > 4 \end{array} \right. \) find the Laplace transform \( F(s) = \mathcal{L}\{ f(t) \} \) using a shifting theorem.

Solution

Dr Chris Tisdell - 669 video solution

video by Dr Chris Tisdell

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Practice Search

Practice Instructions

Unless otherwise instructed,
- if \(f(t)\) is given, find the Laplace transform \( F(s) = \mathcal{L}\{ f(t) \} \) using the first shifting theorem
- if \(F(s)\) is given, find the inverse Laplace transform \( f(t) = \mathcal{L}^{-1} \{ F(s) \} \)
Give your answers in exact, completely factored form.

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!

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