This page contains a complete infinite series exam with worked out solutions.
Each exam page contains a full exam with detailed solutions. Most of these are actual exams from previous semesters used in college courses. You may use these as practice problems or as practice exams. Here are some suggestions on how to use these to help you prepare for your exams.
 Set aside a chunk of full, uninterrupted time, usually an hour to two, to work each exam.
 Go to a quiet place where you will not be interrupted that duplicates your exam situation as closely as possible.
 Use the same materials that you are allowed in your exam (unless the instructions with these exams are more strict).
 Use your calculator as little as possible except for graphing and checking your calculations.
 Work the entire exam before checking any solutions.
 After checking your work, rework any problems you missed and go to the 17calculus page discussing the material to perfect your skills.
 Work as many practice exams as you have time for. This will give you practice in important techniques, experience in different types of exam problems that you may see on your own exam and help you understand the material better by showing you what you need to study.
IMPORTANT 
Exams can cover only so much material. Instructors will sometimes change exams from one semester to the next to adapt an exam to each class depending on how the class performs during the semester while they are learning the material. So just because you do well (or not) on these practice exams, does not necessarily mean you will do the same on your exam. Your instructor may ask completely different questions from these. That is why working lots of practice problems will prepare you better than working just one or two practice exams.
Calculus is not something that can be learned by reading. You have to work problems on your own and struggle through the material to really know calculus, do well on your exam and be able to use it in the future.
Okay, so here are a few videos we recommend that expand on the some of the above tips and also provide some insight on taking exams. This guy has lots of other videos about how to succeed in college, so we recommend his YouTube channel, Thomas Frank.
video by Thomas Frank 

video by Thomas Frank 

Recommended Books on Amazon (affiliate links)  

Exam Details  

Time  1 hour 
Questions  13 
Total Points  100 
Tools  

Calculator  not allowed 
Formula Sheet(s) 

Other Tools  none 
Instructions: 

 Show all your work. 
Section 1
3 questions  20 points total 

Do the following sequences \( \{ {a_n} \} \) converge or diverge as \( n \to \infty \)? If the sequence converges, find it's limit. Justify your answers.
\(a_n=2+(1)^n\)
Problem Statement 

Does the sequence \( \{ {a_n} \} \) where \(a_n=2+(1)^n\) converge or diverge as \( n \to \infty \)? If the sequence converges, find it's limit. Justify your answers.
Final Answer 

The sequence \( \left\{ 2 + (1)^n \right\}\) diverges.
Problem Statement
Does the sequence \( \{ {a_n} \} \) where \(a_n=2+(1)^n\) converge or diverge as \( n \to \infty \)? If the sequence converges, find it's limit. Justify your answers.
Solution
The sequence diverges since it oscillates between 1 and 3.
For example, if \(\epsilon=1\), there is no number \(L\) such that \(  a_nL  < \epsilon\) for all sufficiently large \(n\), since then we would have both \(  1L  < 1\) (or \(0 < L < 2\) ) and \(  3L  < 1\) or \((2 < L < 4)\), which is impossible. So there is no \(L\) that satisfies the definition of the limit.
Final Answer
The sequence \( \left\{ 2 + (1)^n \right\}\) diverges.
Log in to rate this practice problem and to see it's current rating. 

\(\displaystyle{ a_n = \frac{n}{e^n} }\)
Problem Statement 

Does the sequence \( \{ {a_n} \} \) where \(\displaystyle{ a_n = \frac{n}{e^n} }\) converge or diverge as \( n \to \infty \)? If the sequence converges, find it's limit. Justify your answer.
Final Answer 

The sequence \(\displaystyle{ \left\{ \frac{n}{e^n} \right\} }\) converges to zero.
Problem Statement
Does the sequence \( \{ {a_n} \} \) where \(\displaystyle{ a_n = \frac{n}{e^n} }\) converge or diverge as \( n \to \infty \)? If the sequence converges, find it's limit. Justify your answer.
Solution
Looking at the limit \(\displaystyle{ \lim_{n \to \infty}{\frac{n}{e^n}} }\), direct substitution yields \( \infty / \infty \) which is indeterminate. So we can use L'HÃ´pital's Rule.
\(\displaystyle{ \lim_{n \to \infty}{\frac{n}{e^n}} = \lim_{n \to \infty}{\frac{1}{e^n}} = \frac{1}{\infty} = 0 }\)
Therefore, the sequence converges to zero.
Final Answer
The sequence \(\displaystyle{ \left\{ \frac{n}{e^n} \right\} }\) converges to zero.
Log in to rate this practice problem and to see it's current rating. 

\(\displaystyle{ a_n = \left( 1 + \frac{2}{n} \right)^n }\)
Problem Statement 

Does the sequence \( \{ {a_n} \} \) where \(\displaystyle{ a_n = \left( 1 + \frac{2}{n} \right)^n }\) converge or diverge as \( n \to \infty \)? If the sequence converges, find it's limit. Justify your answer.
Final Answer 

The sequence \(\displaystyle{ \left\{ \left( 1 + \frac{2}{n} \right)^n \right\} }\) converges to \( e^2 \).
Problem Statement
Does the sequence \( \{ {a_n} \} \) where \(\displaystyle{ a_n = \left( 1 + \frac{2}{n} \right)^n }\) converge or diverge as \( n \to \infty \)? If the sequence converges, find it's limit. Justify your answer.
Solution
Direct substitution yields \( \infty ^ {\infty} \) which is indeterminate. We don't have a fraction, so we can't use L'HÃ´pital's Rule without doing some algebra.
\( y = \displaystyle{ \lim_{n \to \infty}{ \left(1 + \frac{2}{n}\right)^n } }\) 
Take the natural log of both sides. 
\( \ln(y) = \displaystyle{ \lim_{n \to \infty}{\ln \left(1 + \frac{2}{n}\right)^n }} \) 
\( \ln(y) = \displaystyle{ \lim_{n \to \infty}{(n) \ln \left(1 + \frac{2}{n}\right) }}\) 
\( \ln(y) = \displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{ \frac{\ln \left(1 + \frac{2}{n}\right)}{1/n} }} \) 
\( \ln(y) = \displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{ \frac{\ln [(n+2)/n]}{n^{1}} }}\) 
Use L'HÃ´pital's Rule. 
\( \ln(y) = \displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{ \left[ \frac{2n^{2}(n)}{n+2} \cdot \frac{1}{n^{2}} \right] }} \) 
\( \ln(y) = \displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{ \frac{2n}{n+2} }}\) 
Use L'HÃ´pital's Rule again. 
\( \ln(y) = \displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{\frac{2}{1}}}\) 
\( \ln(y) = 2 \) 
Undo the natural log by raising each side to the exponent of e. 
\( e^{\ln(y)} = e^2 \) 
\( y = e^2 \) 
Final Answer
The sequence \(\displaystyle{ \left\{ \left( 1 + \frac{2}{n} \right)^n \right\} }\) converges to \( e^2 \).
Log in to rate this practice problem and to see it's current rating. 

Section 2
4 questions  20 points total 

Determine whether the following series converge or diverge. You may use any appropriate test provided you explain your answer.
\(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{ \frac{n^3}{3^n} } }\)
Problem Statement 

Determine whether the series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{ \frac{n^3}{3^n} } }\) converges or diverges. You may use any appropriate test provided you explain your answer.
Final Answer 

The series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{ \frac{n^3}{3^n} } }\) converges by the Ratio Test.
Problem Statement
Determine whether the series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{ \frac{n^3}{3^n} } }\) converges or diverges. You may use any appropriate test provided you explain your answer.
Solution
Let's go down through the infinite series table in order.
Let \(\displaystyle{ a_n = \frac{n^3}{3^n} }\)
Group 1: Divergence Test: Using L'HÃ´pital's Rule repeatedly, we can eventually get to the point where we can see that the limit \( \displaystyle{ \lim_{n \to \infty}{a_n} = 0 }\), so the test is inconclusive.
Group 2: We don't have one of the special series, pSeries, Geometric Series, Alternating Series or Telescoping Series.
Group 3: So, let's try the Ratio Test.
We need to set up the limit \(\displaystyle{ \lim_{n \to \infty}{\frac{a_{n+1}}{a_n}} }\).
Since \(\displaystyle{ a_n = \frac{n^3}{3^n} }\), \(\displaystyle{ a_{n+1} = \frac{(n+1)^3}{3^{n+1}} }\).
\( \displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{\frac{a_{n+1}}{a_n}}} \) 
\( \displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{ \frac{(n+1)^3}{3^{n+1}} \cdot \frac{3^n}{n^3} }} \) 
\( \displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{ \frac{(n+1)^3}{n^3} \cdot \frac{3^n}{3^{n+1}} }} \) 
\( \displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{ \left( \frac{n+1}{n} \right)^3 \cdot \frac{1}{3} }} \) 
\( \displaystyle{\frac{1}{3} \lim_{n \to \infty}{ \left( 1 + \frac{1}{n} \right)^3 }} \) 
\( \displaystyle{\frac{1}{3} (1 + 0)^3 = \frac{1}{3}} \) 
Since \(\displaystyle{ \lim_{n \to \infty}{\frac{a_{n+1}}{a_n}} = 1/3 < 1 }\) the series converges.
Final Answer
The series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{ \frac{n^3}{3^n} } }\) converges by the Ratio Test.
Log in to rate this practice problem and to see it's current rating. 

\(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{\frac{n}{n^2+1} } }\)
Problem Statement 

Determine whether the series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{\frac{n}{n^2+1} } }\) converges or diverges. You may use any appropriate test provided you explain your answer.
Final Answer 

The series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{\frac{n}{n^2+1} } }\) diverges by the Limit Comparison Test.
Problem Statement
Determine whether the series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{\frac{n}{n^2+1} } }\) converges or diverges. You may use any appropriate test provided you explain your answer.
Solution
Let's go through the infinite series tests in the order they appear in the infinite series table.
Group 1: Divergence Test: Using L'HÃ´pital's Rule, the limit goes to zero, so the test is inconclusive.
Group 2: This series is not one of the special series.
Group 3: Start with the Ratio Test. Looking at the series, our coefficients and constants are all one, so we might think that the limit would equal one, which is correct.
Next, we can try a comparison test. But what do we compare this series to? Well, as \(n\) gets very large, the \(1\) in the denominator becomes almost negligible compared to the \(n^2\). So let's compare this series to \(\displaystyle{ \sum{\frac{n}{n^2}} = \sum{\frac{1}{n}} }\), which we know is a pSeries with \(p=1\), so it diverges.
We can use either the Limit Comparison Test or the Direct Comparison Test. Let's try the Limit Comparison Test.
We need to set up the limit \(\displaystyle{ \lim_{n \to \infty}{\frac{a_n}{t_n}} }\) where \(\displaystyle{ a_n = \frac{n}{n^2+1} }\) and \(\displaystyle{ t_n = \frac{1}{n} }\) which is our divergent test series. If this limit is finite and positive then the original series will also diverge. Let's see what happens.
\(\begin{array}{rcl}
\displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{\frac{a_n}{t_n}}} & = & \displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{ \frac{n}{n^2+1} \cdot \frac{n}{1} }} \\
& = & \displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{ \frac{n^2}{n^2 + 1} }} \\
& = & \displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{ \frac{2n}{2n} } = 1}
\end{array}\)
In the second step, we used L'HÃ´pital's Rule.
Since the limit is finite and positive and the test series diverges, the original series also diverges.
Final Answer
The series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{\frac{n}{n^2+1} } }\) diverges by the Limit Comparison Test.
Log in to rate this practice problem and to see it's current rating. 

\(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{n \sin\left( \frac{1}{n} \right) } }\)
Problem Statement 

Determine whether the series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{n \sin\left( \frac{1}{n} \right) } }\) converges or diverges. You may use any appropriate test provided you explain your answer.
Final Answer 

The series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{n \sin\left( \frac{1}{n} \right) } }\) diverges by the Divergence Test.
Problem Statement
Determine whether the series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{n \sin\left( \frac{1}{n} \right) } }\) converges or diverges. You may use any appropriate test provided you explain your answer.
Solution
There are several ways to work this one. The most straightforward is to go through the infinite series table in order.
Group 1  Divergence Test: Evaluate the limit \(\displaystyle{ \lim_{n \to \infty}{ n \cdot \sin\left( \frac{1}{n} \right) } }\). Direct substitution gives us \( \infty \cdot 0 \) which is indeterminate. So we can use L'HÃ´pital's Rule if we get the limit in a fraction.
\( \displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{ n \cdot \sin\left( \frac{1}{n} \right) } }\) 
\( \displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{ \frac{\sin(1/n)}{1/n} }} \) 
\( \displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{ \frac{\sin(n^{1})}{n^{1}} }} \) 
\( \displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{ \frac{\cos(n^{1}) (1)(n^{2})}{(1)n^{2}} }} \) 
\( \displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{ \cos(n^{1}) } = \cos(0) = 1} \) 
So, since the limit does not equal zero, the series diverges.
Note: Another way to evaluate this limit is to substitute \( x = 1/n \) and as \( n \to \infty \), \( x \to 0 \). So the limit is \(\displaystyle{ \lim_{n \to \infty}{ n \cdot \sin\left( \frac{1}{n} \right) } = \lim_{n \to \infty}{ \frac{\sin\left( \frac{1}{n} \right)}{1/n} } = \lim_{x \to 0}{\frac{\sin(x)}{x}} }\)
The last limit is a special trig limit which is equal to one. If you didn't remember this, you could have used L'HÃ´pital's Rule again here and arrived at the same answer.
Final Answer
The series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{n \sin\left( \frac{1}{n} \right) } }\) diverges by the Divergence Test.
Log in to rate this practice problem and to see it's current rating. 

\(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{ \left( \frac{1}{\sqrt{n}}  \frac{1}{\sqrt{n+1}}\right) } }\)
Problem Statement 

Determine whether the series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{ \left( \frac{1}{\sqrt{n}}  \frac{1}{\sqrt{n+1}}\right) } }\) converges or diverges. You may use any appropriate test provided you explain your answer.
Final Answer 

The Telescoping series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{ \left( \frac{1}{\sqrt{n}}  \frac{1}{\sqrt{n+1}}\right) } }\) converges.
Problem Statement
Determine whether the series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{ \left( \frac{1}{\sqrt{n}}  \frac{1}{\sqrt{n+1}}\right) } }\) converges or diverges. You may use any appropriate test provided you explain your answer.
Solution
Without too much work, this series is crying out Telescoping Series. Let's set up a table to see if we can find a pattern.
\(\begin{array}{ccc}
n & & a_n \\
1 & & \displaystyle{\frac{1}{1}  \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}} \\
2 & & \displaystyle{\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}  \frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}} \\
3 & & \displaystyle{\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}  \frac{1}{\sqrt{4}}} \\
4 & & \displaystyle{\frac{1}{\sqrt{4}}  \frac{1}{\sqrt{5}}}
\end{array}\)
With only 4 terms, we can see that the last term of each line cancels with the first term in the next line.
This gives us \( \displaystyle{ 1  \lim_{n \to \infty}{\frac{1}{\sqrt{n+1}}} = 1 }\)
So the series converges (specifically to 1).
Final Answer
The Telescoping series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{ \left( \frac{1}{\sqrt{n}}  \frac{1}{\sqrt{n+1}}\right) } }\) converges.
Log in to rate this practice problem and to see it's current rating. 

Section 3
2 questions  20 points total 

Determine whether the following series converge or diverge and justify your answer.
\(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=2}^{\infty}{ \frac{1}{n \ln(n)} } }\)
Problem Statement 

Determine whether the series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=2}^{\infty}{ \frac{1}{n \ln(n)} } }\) converges or diverges. You may use any appropriate test provided you explain your answer.
Final Answer 

The series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=2}^{\infty}{ \frac{1}{n \ln(n)} } }\) diverges by the Integral Test.
Problem Statement
Determine whether the series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=2}^{\infty}{ \frac{1}{n \ln(n)} } }\) converges or diverges. You may use any appropriate test provided you explain your answer.
Solution
Going through the infinite series table in order will help us determine what rule to use here.
Group 1: Divergence Test: The limit here is obviously zero, so this test is inconclusive.
Group 2: This series is not one of the special series.
Group 3: From experience you probably know that, using the Ratio Test or a comparison test, would yield a very difficult limit or inequality to evaluate due to the \( \ln(n) \) term. So, let's try the Integral Test.
We have \(\displaystyle{ f(n) = \frac{1}{n~\ln(n)} }\) which is a discrete function. To use the integral test, we need a continuous function. So let \(\displaystyle{ f(x) = \frac{1}{x~\ln(x)} }\).
The function \( f(x) \) is continuous and positive on \( 2 \leq x < \infty \). It is also decreasing on this interval since the denominator is increasing and the numerator is constant. Therefore, by the integral test, the series converges or diverges with the integral \(\displaystyle{ \int_{2}^{\infty}{\frac{1}{x~\ln(x)} dx } }\). \(\displaystyle{ \int_{2}^{\infty}{\frac{1}{x~\ln(x)} dx } = \lim_{b \to \infty}{ \int_{2}^{b}{\frac{1}{x~\ln(x)} dx} }}\)
Using the technique of substitution, we let \( u = \ln(x) \to du = dx/x \).
\(\displaystyle{ \int{\frac{1}{x~\ln(x)} dx} = }\) \(\displaystyle{ \int{\frac{1}{u} du} = \ln(u) = \ln( \ln(x) ) }\)
\(\displaystyle{\lim_{b \to \infty}{ \int_{2}^{b}{\frac{1}{x~\ln(x)} dx} } = }\) \(\displaystyle{\lim_{b \to \infty}{ \left[ \ln( \ln(x) ) \right]_2^b } = }\) \(\displaystyle{\lim_{b \to \infty}{ [ \ln(\ln(b))  \ln(\ln(2)) ] } = }\) \(\displaystyle{ \infty  \ln(\ln(2)) = \infty }\)
Since the integral diverges, the series also diverges.
Final Answer
The series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=2}^{\infty}{ \frac{1}{n \ln(n)} } }\) diverges by the Integral Test.
Log in to rate this practice problem and to see it's current rating. 

\(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=2}^{\infty}{ \frac{(1)^n \ln(n)}{n} } }\)
Problem Statement 

Determine whether the series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=2}^{\infty}{ \frac{(1)^n \ln(n)}{n} } }\) converges or diverges. You may use any appropriate test provided you explain your answer.
Final Answer 

The series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=2}^{\infty}{ \frac{(1)^n \ln(n)}{n} } }\) converges by the Alternating Series Test.
Problem Statement
Determine whether the series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=2}^{\infty}{ \frac{(1)^n \ln(n)}{n} } }\) converges or diverges. You may use any appropriate test provided you explain your answer.
Solution
We don't really need to go through the tests in the infinite series table since we can see that this is an alternating series. So, let's try the Alternating Series Test first.
For convergence, we need to verify that both of the following conditions hold.
Condition 1: \(\displaystyle{ \lim_{n \to \infty}{a_n} = 0 }\)
Condition 2: \( 0 < a_{n+1} < a_n \)
Let's test condition 1.
\(\displaystyle{\lim_{n \to \infty}{a_n} = \lim_{n \to \infty}{\frac{\ln(x)}{x}} = \lim_{n \to \infty}{\frac{1/x}{1}} = 0 }\)
We used L'HÃ´pital's Rule to show that condition 1 holds. Now, let's test condition 2.
\(\displaystyle{ a_n = \frac{\ln(n)}{n} \text{ and } a_{n+1} = \frac{\ln(n+1)}{n+1} }\)
\(\displaystyle{ 0 < a_{n+1} < a_n \to 0 < \frac{\ln(n+1)}{n+1} < \frac{\ln(n)}{n} } \)
Since \( \ln(n) \) and \( n \) are both positive, we can drop the \( 0 < \) part of the inequality.
However, it is difficult to establish the inequality \(\displaystyle{ \frac{\ln(n+1)}{n+1} < \frac{\ln(n)}{n} }\)
So, we need to use another technique. The idea of the inequality is that the terms are decreasing. We can set up a continuous function \(\displaystyle{ f(x) = \frac{\ln(x)}{x} }\) and show that it is decreasing, i.e. the slope is negative. Let's calculate the derivative and see if it works.
\(\displaystyle{ f'(x) = \frac{x \cdot 1/x  1 (\ln(x))}{x^2} = \frac{1  \ln(x)}{x^2} }\)
We used the Quotient Rule here.
Looking at the derivative, the denominator \( x^2 \) is always positive, so the numerator will determine the sign. We want the slope to be negative, so \( 1  \ln(x) < 0 \) or \( 1 < \ln(x) \). This inequality holds for \( x > e \). So as long as \( n \geq 3 \), the terms are decreasing. Therefore, condition 2 holds and so the alternating series converges.
Final Answer
The series \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=2}^{\infty}{ \frac{(1)^n \ln(n)}{n} } }\) converges by the Alternating Series Test.
Log in to rate this practice problem and to see it's current rating. 

Section 4
4 questions  40 points total 

Does this series diverge, converge conditionally or converge absolutely? Justify your answer.
\[ A = 1  \frac{1}{2^2} + \frac{1}{3^2}  \frac{1}{4^2} + \frac{1}{5^2}  \frac{1}{6^2} + \frac{1}{7^2}  . . . \]
Problem Statement 

Does this series diverge, converge conditionally or converge absolutely? Justify your answer.
\[ A = 1  \frac{1}{2^2} + \frac{1}{3^2}  \frac{1}{4^2} + \frac{1}{5^2}  \frac{1}{6^2} + \frac{1}{7^2}  . . . \]
Final Answer 

The series converges absolutely.
Problem Statement
Does this series diverge, converge conditionally or converge absolutely? Justify your answer.
\[ A = 1  \frac{1}{2^2} + \frac{1}{3^2}  \frac{1}{4^2} + \frac{1}{5^2}  \frac{1}{6^2} + \frac{1}{7^2}  . . . \]
Solution
First let's get a closed form for the series. Since this is an alternating series, we need a term that looks like \( (1)^n \). And looking at the denominator, it looks like \( n^2 \). We also need to determine where to start \(n\), \( 0 \) or \( 1 \). If we start with zero, we will get a zero in the denominator, which is not good. So we want to start at \( n = 1 \). Since the first term is positive, the power on the \( 1 \) term needs to be \( n + 1 \). So our series is \(\displaystyle{ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{\frac{(1)^{n+1}}{n^2}} }\).
We know that the absolute value of the alternating series, \(\displaystyle{ \sum{\frac{1}{n^2}} }\), is a convergent pSeries. So the Alternating Series converges absolutely.
Final Answer
The series converges absolutely.
Log in to rate this practice problem and to see it's current rating. 

Let \(\displaystyle{S = 1 + \frac{1}{2^2} + \frac{1}{3^2} + }\) \(\displaystyle{ \frac{1}{4^2} + \frac{1}{5^2} + }\) \(\displaystyle{\frac{1}{6^2} + \frac{1}{7^2} + . . . }\)
Given that \( S = \pi^2/6 \), find the sum A given in the previous question.
(Hint: Consider \( S  A \) and express it in terms of \( S \).)
Problem Statement 

Let \(\displaystyle{S = 1 + \frac{1}{2^2} + \frac{1}{3^2} + }\) \(\displaystyle{ \frac{1}{4^2} + \frac{1}{5^2} + }\) \(\displaystyle{\frac{1}{6^2} + \frac{1}{7^2} + . . . }\)
Given that \( S = \pi^2/6 \), find the sum A given in the previous question.
(Hint: Consider \( S  A \) and express it in terms of \( S \).)
Final Answer 

\(\displaystyle{ A = \frac{\pi^2}{12} }\)
Problem Statement
Let \(\displaystyle{S = 1 + \frac{1}{2^2} + \frac{1}{3^2} + }\) \(\displaystyle{ \frac{1}{4^2} + \frac{1}{5^2} + }\) \(\displaystyle{\frac{1}{6^2} + \frac{1}{7^2} + . . . }\)
Given that \( S = \pi^2/6 \), find the sum A given in the previous question.
(Hint: Consider \( S  A \) and express it in terms of \( S \).)
Solution
By the linearity of limits and sums, if the series \( \sum{a_n} \) and \( \sum{b_n} \) converge, then \( \sum{(a_n  b_n) } \) also converges and \( \sum{(a_n  b_n) } = \sum{a_n}  \sum{b_n} \). Also, for any constant \(c\), we have \( \sum{ca_n} = c \sum{a_n} \).
Since the series for \(S\) and \(A\) both converge, so we can form \(SA\).
Follow the hint and form \(SA\). 
\(\displaystyle{\left( 1 + \frac{1}{2^2} + \frac{1}{3^2} + \frac{1}{4^2} + \frac{1}{5^2} + . . . \right)  }\) \(\displaystyle{ \left( 1  \frac{1}{2^2} + \frac{1}{3^2}  \frac{1}{4^2} + \frac{1}{5^2}  . . . \right)}\) 
Pair up terms that match to see what cancels. 
\(\displaystyle{(1  1) + \left( \frac{1}{2^2} + \frac{1}{2^2} \right) + \left( \frac{1}{3^2}  \frac{1}{3^2} \right) + }\) \(\displaystyle{ \left( \frac{1}{4^2} + \frac{1}{4^2} \right) + \left( \frac{1}{5^2}  \frac{1}{5^2} \right) + . . . }\) 
\(\displaystyle{2 \left( \frac{1}{2^2} + \frac{1}{4^2} + \frac{1}{6^2} + \frac{1}{8^2} + . . . \right)}\) 
Factor 
\(\displaystyle{\frac{2}{2^2} \left( 1 + \frac{1}{2^2} + \frac{1}{3^2} + \frac{1}{4^2} + . . . \right)}\) 
Notice that the term on the right is \(S\). 
\(\displaystyle{\frac{1}{2}S}\) 
So now we have \( S  A = S/2 \) and solving for \(A\), we get \( A = S/2 \). Since \( S = \pi^2/6 \), it follows that \( A = \pi^2 / 12 \).
Final Answer
\(\displaystyle{ A = \frac{\pi^2}{12} }\)
Log in to rate this practice problem and to see it's current rating. 

State the definition for a sequence \( \{ a_n \} \) to converge to a limit \( L \) as \( n \to \infty \).
Problem Statement
State the definition for a sequence \( \{ a_n \} \) to converge to a limit \( L \) as \( n \to \infty \).
Solution
A sequence \( \{ a_n \} \) converges to a limit \( L \) if, for every \( \epsilon > 0 \) there exists a number \(N\) such that \[  a_n  L  < \epsilon ~~~~~ \text{ for every } n > N \]
Log in to rate this practice problem and to see it's current rating. 

If \(\displaystyle{ a_n = \frac{1}{\sqrt{n}} }\) for \( n = 1, 2, 3, . . .\) prove from the definition that \(\displaystyle{ \lim_{n \to \infty}{a_n} = 0 }\).
Problem Statement
If \(\displaystyle{ a_n = \frac{1}{\sqrt{n}} }\) for \( n = 1, 2, 3, . . .\) prove from the definition that \(\displaystyle{ \lim_{n \to \infty}{a_n} = 0 }\).
Solution
Given \( \epsilon > 0 \), let \( N = 1/\epsilon^2 \). Then if \( n > N \), we have
\(\begin{array}{rcl}
\displaystyle{\left \frac{1}{\sqrt{n}}  0 \right} & = & \displaystyle{\frac{1}{\sqrt{n}}} \\
& < & \displaystyle{\frac{1}{\sqrt{N}}} \\
& < & \epsilon
\end{array}\)
Since \( 1/\sqrt{N} = \epsilon \), it follows that \(\displaystyle{ \lim_{n \to \infty}{\frac{1}{\sqrt{n}}} = 0 }\).
Log in to rate this practice problem and to see it's current rating. 

Really UNDERSTAND Calculus
Log in to rate this page and to see it's current rating.
all infinite series tests and topics 
To bookmark this page and practice problems, log in to your account or set up a free account.
Do you have a practice problem number but do not know on which page it is found? If so, enter the number below and click 'page' to go to the page on which it is found or click 'practice' to be taken to the practice problem.
 
I recently started a Patreon account to help defray the expenses associated with this site. To keep this site free, please consider supporting me. 

Support 17Calculus on Patreon 

